Advantages and Disadvantages of Computers
Arguably, computers have become part and parcel of daily life with a huge array of applications. Consequently, it is now common practice to integrate computers as a way to improve the delivery of various services and activities. Undoubtedly, the introduction of computers has led to a faster rate of data processing in comparison to more manual ways of doing the same.
Additionally, computers have their share of beneficial impacts on society as well as detrimental effects on the same. Notably, computers have had a great effect on the enhancement of the teaching process in academic institutions by increasing the ease and effectiveness of the entire process. Specifically, teaching in institutions of higher learning has grown a large dependency on computers due to ease of sharing data, researching, and even presenting results (Iskrenovic, 2018). Computers have enabled learners to easily access learning materials from tutors. Moreover, the said learners can present their assignments remotely which has enhanced punctuality in meeting set deadlines. Importantly, the use of computers in tutorage helps in keeping learners captivated and more engaged in the learning process. Beyond the engagement of computers in the learning process, it has become evident that computers can enhance delivery in other professions as well.
Correspondingly, computers have become a necessary tool in the field of medicine. In this regard, computers can have beneficial tendencies in medical intervention especially on stress-related conditions (Heber et. al., 2017). Specifically, computers have a huge impact on the short-medium-term management of stress. Whereas the success of good old fashion face-to-face intervention is undeniable, nonetheless, computer-based stress management has the advantage of reaching out to multiple persons without the need to avail the practitioner physically. Evidently, this enables patients to access services from reliable professionals which ultimately leads to a healthier world. Despite the huge gains that arise from the usage of computers, they are not without some negative impacts on society.
Undeniably, computers have enhanced the efficiency of malpractices in the learning sector in an almost similar way to the improvements on the same. In this regard, learners are now able to cheat in coursework due to the difficulties facing identity verification. Resultantly, the risk of issuing certification to incompetent individuals is higher. Moreover, it is financially overwhelming to institute measures to curb the vice. Similarly, the amount of time spent in the verification of the work is equally larger as compared to assignments handed in individually to the tutor. Significantly, computers have increased the learners’ connectivity to resources on the internet, both social and academic, which has increased exposure to risky behavioral changes and practices.
Of importance is the risk of internet users developing erratic behaviors. Addiction to social sites is perhaps the most significant vice relating to the internet (Yu, Wu & Pesigan, 2016). Specifically, the resulting hazards from such addiction have significant effects on both the individual’s cognition and psychology. Noteworthy, these effects have both short-term and long-term categorizations and impacts. As such, the addiction problems are likely to influence a huge multitude of users with the common implication that the affected individuals are incapable of performing tasks as efficiently.
In conclusion, the overall beneficial impacts of computers are not to be disputed as it has enabled humankind to make giant leaps in research and technological advancement. However, the associated negative impact can be managed through the creation of awareness amongst affected individuals.
Heber, E., Ebert, D. D., Lehr, D., Cuijpers, P., Berking, M., Nobis, S., & Riper, H. (2017). The benefit of web-and computer-based interventions for stress: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of medical Internet research, 19(2), e32.
Iskrenovic-Momcilovic, O. (2018). Using Computers in Teaching in Higher Education.
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Rosak-Szyrocka, J., & Wojciechowski, P. (2015). E-learning as an effective educational space in Poland: the benefits and disadvantages of studying using Moodle. Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, 73(2), 237-246.
Yu, S., Wu, A. M. S., & Pesigan, I. J. A. (2016). Cognitive and psychosocial health risk factors of social networking addiction. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 14(4), 550-564.
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